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Statement by Ambassador SHI Zhongjun on Korean Peninsula Nuclear Issue at the September Session of Board of Governors

Mr. Chairman,

On September 3, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) conducted another nuclear test in disregard of the repeated dissuasion of the international community including that of China. This act challenged the non-proliferation regime, severely violated the relevant resolutions of the United Nation Security Council and ran against the general will of the international community, further aggravated the tension on the Korean Peninsula and undermined the regional peace and stability. The Chinese side has issued a statement to express its solemn position of resolute opposition to the test.

We strongly urge the DPRK to face up to the firm will of the international community on the denuclearization of the Peninsular, earnestly abide by the relevant resolutions of the Security Council, stop taking any wrong actions that would aggravate the situation and do not serve its own interests and resolutely return to the path to solve the issue through dialogue.

Mr. Chairman,

It is the firm position of China to achieve denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, uphold the non-proliferation regime and maintain peace and stability in Northeast Asia. China is not a directly concerned party to the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsular, but China has been all along making unremitting efforts to achieve the above objectives.

As a permanent member of the Security Council and a responsible member of the international community, China supported the Security Council in adopting a series of resolutions, which China has earnestly implemented and put in place a set of effective operational mechanism and practices. China has successively submitted to the relevant sanctions committee of the Security Council five reports on the implementation of the resolutions on the DPRK, which presented detailed information about the tremendous efforts made by China to implement the resolutions. On September 11, China lent its support to the adoption by the Security Council of Resolution 2375, which reflects the unanimous position of the members of the Security Council to maintain peace and stability on the Peninsula and in the region, advance the denuclearization process on the Peninsula and preserve the international non-proliferation regime and reaffirms the peaceful resolution of the issue with diplomatic and political means. China hopes that the content of the Resolution 2375 will be fully implemented in its entirety.

At the same time, China believes that sanctions are not the panacea to solve the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue. In essence, the Korean Peninsula issue is a security issue. The nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula must be resolved peacefully and a multi-pronged approach must be taken to address the legitimate security concerns of all parties. Dialogue is the only effective way to solve this issue and only substantive dialogue with the participation of all relevant parties is the hope to solve this issue. Bearing this in mind and in view of the fact that the dialogue on the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsular issue is bogged down and the situation concerning the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsular is deteriorating, and in order to break the deadlock, China has conducted various mediation and tried various kinds of efforts and on that basis proposed the “dual-track approach ” which aims to achieve denuclearization and establish a peace mechanism on the Peninsula and the “suspension for suspension” proposal which calls for the suspension of nuclear and missile activities by the DPRK and the suspension of massive military exercises by the US and the ROK. Drawing on the step-by-step concept of the Russian Federation, a roadmap is formulated to resolve the Korean Peninsula issue. This proposal is reasonable and practicable and aims at identifying a way-out for all parties to resume dialogue and ultimately achieving denuclearization, establishing a peace mechanism and realizing long-term peace and stability on the Peninsula. We call on the countries concerned to give serious consideration to the proposal and appeal to the international community to support the proposal to blaze a practical way to solve the Korean Peninsula issue.

Mr. Chairman,

It is the general aspiration of the international community to achieve denuclearization and long-term stability and security on the Korean Peninsula, which is in the interest of all parties. All parties should make constructive efforts to this end. China is willing to work with the international community to implement the relevant Security Council resolutions on the DPRK in a comprehensive and complete manner, unswervingly advance the objective of denuclearization on the Peninsula and firmly maintain peace and stability on the Peninsula. China will assume its own due responsibility, but it would be neither objective nor realistic to expect China to bear all the responsibilities of resolving the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsular. Therefore, we urge all directly concerned parties to the Peninsula issue to assume the due responsibilities and take effective measures to ease the tension on the peninsula and to push the nuclear issue on Korean Peninsular back to the track of dialogue as soon as possible. China hopes that various forces of the international community meet each other half way for cooperation instead of pulling the rug from under somebody’s feet or pursuing selfish interests by taking advantage of the situation. In particular, the parties concerned should refrain from taking actions that would undermine the strategic and security interests of the countries in the region and that are not helpful for the denuclearization on the peninsula or regional peace and stability.

Mr. Chairman,

China takes note of the DG’s report on the application of safeguards in the DPRK and supports that the Agency plays its due role in applying safeguards in the DPRK according to its mandate. We noted that in August this year a DPRK team and an Executive Group were formed within the Secretariat and hope the Secretariat provide the Member States with more information on the specific work of the afore-mentioned team and Group.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

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